Côte Saint-Luc

Coordinates: 45°28′N 73°40′W / 45.467°N 73.667°W / 45.467; -73.667
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Côte Saint-Luc
City of Côte Saint-Luc
City hall
City hall
Coat of arms of Côte Saint-Luc
Official logo of Côte Saint-Luc
Civibus Meis ("For My Citizens")
Location of Côte Saint-Luc on the Island of Montreal
Location of Côte Saint-Luc on the Island of Montreal
Coordinates: 45°28′N 73°40′W / 45.467°N 73.667°W / 45.467; -73.667
VillageApril 25, 1903[1]
TownDecember 9, 1951[2]
CityFebruary 14, 1958[3]
Electoral Districts

Mount Royal
 • MayorMitchell Brownstein
 • Federal MP(s)Anthony Housefather (LIB)
 • Quebec MNA(s)Elisabeth Prass (PLQ)
 • Land7.04 km2 (2.72 sq mi)
 • Total34,504
 • Density4,903.7/km2 (12,701/sq mi)
 • Pop. 2016-2021
Increase 6.3
 • Dwellings
DemonymCôte Saint-Lucer[8]
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)(514) and (438)

Côte Saint-Luc (French pronunciation: [kot sɛ̃ lyk])[note 1] is a city on the Island of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. It is a mostly residential suburb of Montreal, within which it forms an enclave. The city is primarily English-speaking, with a large Jewish community.[11][12]


Côte Saint-Luc, along with Hampstead and Montreal West, forms an enclave within the City of Montreal. Côte Saint-Luc itself contains two distinct exclaves that are nestled between Hampstead and Montreal. The larger of the two contains a residential development north of Hampstead and the Decarie Square Mall, while the smaller one consists of fifteen residential buildings along Macdonald Avenue.

About a third of Côte Saint-Luc's territory is occupied by the Canadian Pacific rail yards.[13]


Farm in Côte Saint-Luc in 1941

The area encompassing Côte Saint-Luc was first settled in the 18th century, and was incorporated as a village in 1903.[12] Its name may commemorate the 18th-century military officer Luc de la Corne Saint-Luc.[8]

Throughout the 1920s, the town grew quickly and accepted many immigrant populations leaving Montreal, notably German-Jewish and British families. Railway development and industrial activities were relocated to the north. An example of this is an old farmhouse, near the intersection of Westminster and Côte Saint-Luc, which today is a strip mall.[citation needed]

Still, Côte Saint-Luc remained a small agricultural community until the mid-20th century. The population grew from 747 residents to over 20,000 between 1940 and the mid-1960s, due to substantial immigration following World War II. It was officially incorporated as a town in 1951,[12] and as a city in 1958.[3]

Côte Saint-Luc was forcibly merged with the city of Montreal on January 1, 2002. It was amalgamated with its neighbouring suburbs of Hampstead and Montreal West to form the borough of Côte-Saint-Luc—Hampstead—Montréal-Ouest. In a referendum held on June 20, 2004, Côte Saint-Luc residents voted to demerge; Côte Saint-Luc was re-established as a separate city on January 1, 2006.[8]


Historical populations
Source: Statistics Canada

According to the Office québécois de la langue française, Côte Saint-Luc has been officially recognized as a bilingual municipality[14][15] since 2005.[16]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Côte Saint-Luc had a population of 34,504 living in 14,603 of its 15,548 total private dwellings, a change of 6.3% from its 2016 population of 32,448. With a land area of 7.04 km2 (2.72 sq mi), it had a population density of 4,901.1/km2 (12,693.9/sq mi) in 2021.[17]

Outside Israel, Côte-Saint-Luc contains the world's seventh largest Jewish community as a percentage of total population, with 69.1% of the population being Jewish.[18]

Home Language (2016)[11]
Language Population Percentage (%)
English 17,430 60%
French 4,950 17%
Other 6,745 23%
Mother Tongue (2016)[11]
Language Population Percentage (%)
English 12,855 42%
French 6,050 20%
Other 11,455 38%
Visible Minorities (2016)[11]
Ethnicity Population Percentage (%)
Not a visible minority 25,205 80.2%
Visible minorities 6,225 19.8%

Local government[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

District Position Name
Mitchell Brownstein
District 1 City councillor Oren Sebag
District 2 City councillor Mike Cohen
District 3 City councillor Dida Berku
District 4 City councillor Steven Erdelyi
District 5 City councillor Mitch Kujavsky
District 6 City councillor Lior Azerad
District 7 City councillor Sidney Benizri
District 8 City councillor Andee Shuster


The former mayors of Côte Saint-Luc are as follows:[2][3]

  • Luc Prud'homme (1903–1905)
  • Pierre Lemieux (1905–1909, 1912–1938)
  • François-Xavier Décarie (1909–1912) (resigned)
  • Frederick D. Lamont (1938–1939) (resigned)
  • Donald Fletcher (1939–1951)
  • John P. Fyon (1951–1953)
  • J.-Adalbert Paris (1953–1963)
  • Samuel Moskovitch (1963–1976) (died in office)[19]
  • Bernard Lang (1976–1998)
  • Robert Libman (1998–2002)
  • Anthony Housefather (2006–2016)
  • Mitchell Brownstein (2016–present)

Public services and education[edit]

Côte Saint-Luc operates a full-time Public Security Department that enforces municipal by-laws, and in 2006 launched the Volunteer Citizens on Patrol (vCOP) program that allows residents to help deter crime. Côte Saint-Luc also runs the only volunteer EMS first responder system on the island of Montreal, which responds to more than 3,000 calls early. Advanced care and transportation to local hospitals is provided by Urgences-santé. In 2008–2009, the Montreal Fire Department implemented an island-wide first responder system set to replace the Côte Saint-Luc EMS; however, the city fought to keep their system and private member's bill was passed in the National Assembly of Quebec to exclude Côte Saint-Luc from the Montreal Fire Department.

The city's Eleanor London Côte Saint-Luc Public Library was named in honour of Eleanor London, who served as the city's chief librarian for 36 years. The Eleanor London Côte Saint-Luc Library is one of few libraries in North America that is open every day of the year.[citation needed]

The Cavendish Mall was once the city's central hub, housing stores like Steinberg's, Eaton's and Discus. In recent years, part of the mall has been replaced with single family homes, townhouses and apartment buildings.

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys (CSMB) operates two Francophone primary schools in Côte Saint-Luc: École de la Mosaïque and École des Amis-du-Monde.[20] The English Montreal School Board operates a French immersion school, Merton School, John Grant and Mountainview High Schools, and the Marymount Adult Centre. There are a number of private schools in the city, including JPPS–Bialik, Hebrew Academy, École Maïmonide and Yeshiva Yavne.

Notable people[edit]

Former residents of Côte Saint-Luc include politician and lawyer Irwin Cotler, actor William Shatner, and poet Irving Layton. Other residents included Montreal Expos all-star catcher Gary Carter. Comedy screenwriter Ricky Blitt and older brother Barry Blitt, a magazine illustrator, were raised there. Author Gordon Korman grew up in Côte Saint-Luc, as did popular science author and cognitive psychologist Steven Pinker.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Commission de toponymie du Québec adopted the spelling Côte-Saint-Luc in 1969,[3] but the city maintains the original spelling, which omits a hyphen between "Côte" and "Saint-Luc". The city was also known historically in English as Cote St. Luke.[9][10]


  1. ^ "Village de la Côte Saint-Luc" (PDF). Statuts de la province de Québec (in French). 1903. pp. 622–623. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  2. ^ a b Golden Book of the Town of Côte Saint-Luc (PDF). 1955. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d "Répertoire des entités géopolitiques: Côte-Saint-Luc". Prosopographie des administrateurs dirigeants et répertoire des entités géopolitiques du Québec. Institut généalogique Drouin. Archived from the original on June 14, 2022.
  4. ^ "Répertoire des municipalités: Côte-Saint-Luc". Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation (in French). Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "Federal Riding History: Mount Royal (Quebec)". Parliament of Canada. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012.
  6. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec. "40th General Election Riding Results: D'Arcy-McGee". Élections Québec.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b "Côte-Saint-Luc: Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Archived from the original on June 14, 2022. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  8. ^ a b c "Côte-Saint-Luc". Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French). Archived from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  9. ^ Crossby, P. A., ed. (1873). Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America. Montreal: John Lovell.
  10. ^ Gard, Anson Albert (1902). The Wandering Yankee: Or, The Fun of Seeing Canada. New York: The Emerson Press. p. 225. Archived from the original on April 29, 2024. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  11. ^ a b c d "Côte Saint-Luc (Code 2466058) Census Profile". 2016 census. Government of Canada - Statistics Canada.
  12. ^ a b c d e Lapointe, Pierre Louis (2015). "Côte-Saint-Luc". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Archived from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  13. ^ Michaud, Shaun (August 17, 2016). "City of Côte-St-Luc eyes CP rail yards for development". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  14. ^ Magder, Jason (February 13, 2023). "Quebec's bilingual cities have all passed resolutions, Côte-St-Luc says". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on March 11, 2023. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  15. ^ "47 municipalities in Quebec told to pass resolution or lose bilingual status". CBC News. December 22, 2022. Archived from the original on April 21, 2023. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  16. ^ "Organismes reconnus offrant des services dans une langue autre que le français". Office québécois de la langue française (in French). December 19, 2022. Archived from the original on April 20, 2023. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  17. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Archived from the original on February 13, 2023. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  18. ^ "Community profiles: Côte Saint-Luc". Statistics Canada. March 12, 2002. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  19. ^ "Civic holiday will mark mayor's death". The Montreal Star. Montreal. May 25, 1976. p. A-3. Archived from the original on August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  20. ^ "Recherche d'établissements" (in French). Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Archived from the original on December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.

External links[edit]